Red Giant Shadow creates a shadow image from any source with options that adjust its shape, blur, position, and more.
- Drag the Shadow effect onto your clip.
- Move the T-bar control to the baseline of the subject creating a shadow.
- Drag the vertical angle control to give the shadow the right slant for the shot.
Modify the Effect
- Shadow Plane contains controls that stipulate where and how the shadow is positioned. Drag the T-bar interface in the composition window to set values visually, or use the controls below to dial in specific values.
- Clip to Bounding Box toggles whether the shadow restricts itself to stay within the area of the source it's applied to. Deactivate this to allow the shadow to expand anywhere within the frame, but note this will drastically increase render times.
- Axis Setup contains basic preset options that control where the base of the shadow's axis sits (Bottom, Top, Left, or Right), with the shadow extending opposite of the position selected. The shadow's axis handles can also be manually moved to any position (Custom).
- Axis Start defines the coordinates of the shadow's left-most reference point.
- Axis End defines the coordinates of the shadow's right-most reference point.
- Slant & Height sets the direction of the shadow, and where it ends. Defines the coordinates of the point extending from the center of the shadow's base, which affects its slant direction and height.
- Axis Color adjusts the color of the axis overlay controls.
- Shadow Style adjusts the appearance of the shadow.
- Shadow Source determines which parts of the source create shadows.
- Alpha creates a shadow based on the source's alpha matte. The more opaque the area is, the stronger the shadow.
- Lightness creates a shadow based on the source's brightness. The brighter the area is, the stronger the shadow. Lightness is based on a histogram of the true brightness values of all three color channels.
- Luminance creates a shadow based on the source's luminance. The more luminant the area is, the stronger the shadow. Luminance is a histogram based on the human perception of the brightness of RGB values, which is most sensitive to green and least sensitive to blue.
- Red, Green, and Blue all create shadows based on the color channel selected. The closer the color is to the color channel, the stronger the shadow.
- Shadow Color sets the color for the shadow created from the source.
- Add 2nd Color allows you to map two colors to the grayscale values of the alpha. The lighter (or more transparent) shadow parts take on the Shadow Color. The more opaque shadow areas take on the Second Color.
- 2nd Color sets the color for darker areas of the shadow.
- Note the second color is applied after the first; if an area's Shadow Source is of equal value, the second color will overwrite the first.
- Opacity controls the transparency of the shadow.
- Softness adjusts the amount of blur applied throughout the shadow. Note that the Softness value can override the Fade if set high enough.
- Softness Aspect controls whether the shadow is softer in the horizontal or vertical direction. The default value is 1, which means the shadow edge is blurred in both directions and its height/width aspect ratio is 1:1. The greater this value is above 1, the more stretched the Softness becomes vertically. If the value is less than 1, then the Softness becomes stretched horizontally.
- Softness Type contains four blur types that increase their distortions based on the one selected
- Simple creates a simple triangular blur across the whole shadow. It does not depend on the shadow’s direction.
- Mipmap builds a shadow blur by putting together small and large pre-made bitmap images to cause the shadow to look more blurry as it moves from the baseline. There is a finer blend and softness as the shadow gets farther from the source object.
- Progressive Linear is the default setting, creating a blur based on the direction of the shadow. By using a linear ramp falloff, it is a more gradual-looking blur meant to mimic being a far distance from the source.
- Progressive Square also bases its blur on the direction of the shadow, but uses a square function falloff so the blur falls off slower and doubles in its amount of softness.
- Fade Start adjusts how far the shadow's base point and its edge that remains opaque before transitioning into transparency. The length is a percentage of the total length of the shadow - 50% means the fade will be done by halfway up the shadow if the Fade Start is set to 0.
- Fade Length adjusts the distance between the Fade point set above and full transparency.
- Fade Type has three options that define the gradient used between the Fade Length's start and end points.
- Square gives you the most fade and therefore the most drop-off.
- Inverse Square is the opposite of Square, giving the least amount of fade and drop-off. The drop-off will happen more suddenly at the end.
- Linear uses a linear ramp, the farther away from the baseline, the more faded the shadow will be.
- Scale shadow controls the size of the shadow in relation to its source.
- Offset shadow defines the coordinates for the shadow's image in relation to its axis.
- Shadow Bend puts a linear angle in the shadow to simulate another plane the shadow is falling onto in the distance.
- Enable Bend toggles whether an optional bend is applied midway through the shadow. Once enabled, the Bend Axis overlay control will become visible at the end of your height control. You can use this overlay to position the bend visually, or set the values in the parameters below.
- Bend Axis Center defines the coordinates for where the center of the bend skews itself from.
- Bend Slant & Height defines the coordinates of the point extending from the center of the bend, which affects its slant direction and height.
- Bend Axis Color adjusts the color of the Bend Axis overlay controls.
- Seam Style contains four options that adjust the gradient between the seam and the shadow.
- Constant gives the seam a sharp edge
- Linear (default) uses a linear ramp for the drop-off
- Square gives a lot of fade or drop-off to the seam edge
- Inverse Square gives the seam less fade and the least amount of drop-off.
- Seam Size adjusts the width of the bend's seam.
- Seam Intensity controls the screening of the seam color over its background. Extreme values result in higher opaqueness, with negative values inverting its color.
- Seam Color defines which color is used to depict the bend's seam.
- Shadow Blend controls how the shadow gets blended into the background.
- Gamma compresses the brightness values in the shadow, giving you control over the midpoint or gray level. It allows you to compress or expand/stretch the values in the mid ranges. The range of value is 0.1 to 10, and the default is 1.
Since the shadow is a single color, Gamma will have the visual effect of slightly lightening or darkening the shadow. Values below 1 will lighten the shadow. Values above 1 will make the shadow look darker. If the shadow has some RGB value to it, you will see a color shift along with the brightness and darkness. If the shadow color is true black (R/0, G/0, B/0) then you will only see a light/dark shift.
- Brightness affects the shadow color. This control is actually a ‘gain’ control, not generating contrast or brightness/dullness. It will compress or expand/stretch the RGB values in the shadow. The range of value is 0 to 10, and the default is 1.
If the shadow color is true black (R/0, G/0, B/0) then Brightness will have no effect on the shadow. You will not see a tonal shift by changing the Brightness value. This is because there isn't a color value to use as an input. Once an RGB value is added to the Shadow Color, then you will see Brightness affect the shadow.
For example, if the Shadow Color selected is a deep red, below a Brightness of 1 the shadow color stays dark because the values are compressed. As the Brightness value goes above 1, the shadow expands the value range and takes on more of the red hue. This is because gain tends to multiply the highlights of an image -- in this case, a single color shadow -- giving it a saturated and intensified look.
- Random Seed controls the kernel used for the fractal noise that is used to render the shadow. The noise pattern helps to eliminate banding in the shadow. This can occur, for instance, if the shadow has an exaggerated Height/Slant angle or a lot of Softness blur applied. If you change Random Seed, you will change the pattern of the noise.
- Fade Noise adds an optional noise effect specifically to the fadeout areas of the shadow. This hides any contouring or banding in the image and helps you to control what the shadow's fadeout looks like. The value range is 0 to 10, and the default is 1.
- Post Softness softens or blurs the noise so it doesn't look as pronounced. This control does not blur or soften the shadow. Instead it affects how the noise is applied to that alpha. The value range is 0 to 10, and the default is 1. If Post Softness is set to 0, there will be a tiny bit of pixel-based noise. Turn Post Softness all the way up and the noise will be completely blurred out. A low value like 2 results in little pixel 'dimples'. This can help the Fade Noise have a more film-like or natural look.
- Source Opacity controls the transparency of the source.
- Blend Mode provides basic blending options between the shadow and its source.
- Motion Blur generates a blur effect for the movement of the shadow.
- Motion Blur has options to turn the motion blur On (uses Shadow’s own Motion Blur), Off, or whatever the Comp Settings are.
- Shutter Angle adjusts the amount of blurring akin to using a longer frame exposure.
- Shutter Phase allows synchronizing or desynchronizing the timing of the shutter opening and closing with the frame rate of the footage.
- Samples adjusts the amount of sampling done prior to the motion blur. Higher values result in a sharper blur.
- Render Method switches between utilizing the GPU resources or CPU resources for rendering an output. GPU tends to be faster but less stable on less robust systems, while CPU is more stable with longer rendering times.